A municipality like the Municipality of Burauen plays a very important role in different areas in our society. It includes leadership and commitment by council, staff assistance to business leaders in organizing meetings and promotion in the initial conceptualization stages, council approval is required to establish a BIA, public consultation process – petition/objections, council representative on the board of management, approval of annual budget, and financial monitoring.
Burauen is a 1st class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 48,606 people in 9,213 households. It is located in the central part of Leyte bounded to the north by Dagami, Jaro, and Tabon-tabon, on the east by Julita, McArthur, Javier, and on the west by Baybay, Albuera and Ormoc.
Burauen is politically subdivided into 77 barangays.
THE MUNICIPALITY OF BURAUEN CAME FROM A HUMBLE BEGINNING…
1.1 The Legend
The name “Burauen” evolved from the word “haru” which means “spring”. This is because Burauen is the fountainhead of several rivers: the big Daguitan and Marabong rivers, the Guinarona and Hibuga rivers that pass through several neighboring towns, as well as several smaller ones. The legend behind the name speaks of a drought when several tributaries of these rivers dried up, forcing people to flock to a cluster of large springs in the town. The place was duly called “Buraburon” which according to Justice Norberto Lopez Romualdez Sr., is the “multiplicative construction of the word “haru” (spring), which indicates “abundance”. Over the years, the name “Buraburon” (“having many springs”) evolved into “Burawon” and finally into “Burawen”.
1.2 The Early Settlers
Clandestine diggings conducted by antique hunters and verified by the National Museum archaeologists yield valuable artifacts consisting of chinaware and jars. Some of the discoveries were Stone Age artifacts and implements. These antiques and artifacts were found on the plateaus of both sides of the Kag-oloolo Brook of Barangay Patag and Villa Aurora, which were about 16 kilometers southwest of the poblacion of Burauen. Similar artifacts were found in Barangay Paghudlan which is 12 kilometers from the Kag-oloolo. The earlier diggings on the south western portion of the poblacion, and those in Barangay Tambuco and Armasen unearth several precious antiques. With the extensive presence of these artifacts over the said areas, the past locations of the early settlements in Burauen during the prehistoric epoch are indicated.
1.3 The Spanish Time
The Jesuit Friars discovered Burauen as settlement in the later part of 1595 when they used the community as a base in the Christianization of the central part of Leyte. Between years 1609 to 1616 Burauen was the most populous town of Leyte and Samar and it consistently registered the highest tax collection during the same period in the region. From Buraburon, the settlers were told by the Jesuit Missionaries to transfer to “Armasen” (meaning a trading place that is at the same time a granary), presently a sitio of Barangay Libas, which was similarly named today. Due to frequent flooding of the area by the Guinarona River, and to facilitate their “reduction de visitas”, they transferred to the site of the present Barangay Malabca and led by Tamdon and his brother Hangdon who were the children of the last Rajah.
1.4 The Filipino – American War
The short-lived Philippine Republic proclaimed on June 12, 1898 face a new enemy, the American who were pursuing their so-called “Manifest Destiny” The troops of the Revolutionary Army under General Ambrosio Mojica, realizing that their fortification of “estacas” (bamboo palisades) around the poblacion of Burauen were weak, they force to withdraw to the mountains. Several encounters occur during the Filipino-American War, the American burned the poblacion on July 4, 1900, sparing only the Catholic Church, its convent, the warehouses and the building of the Smith Bell and Co. and Chinese merchandizing. This incident made Burauen one of the strongholds of the “Pulahan” dissidents.
With the cessation of hostilities, the people devoted their efforts to the reconstruction of their homes and expansion of their farms to usher progress of the municipality. The productive endeavors of the people lured many enterprises to the town. The first Electric System and cinematographic house in Leyte and Samar were established in Burauen in 1916. In 1928 Burauen Academy, the first secondary school in the municipality was founded. The different municipal administrations of the time were able to put up irrigation system in 1912. Constructed a big public market in 1918, erect a concrete municipal building in 1925 and build concrete school building in 1928. the income of the municipality in 1918 to 1928 was bigger than the income of the whole province of Surigao, this due to the wide area of abaca plantation of that time. This boomtown prosperity of Burauen lasted until 1929 when the great depression took place.
1.5 World War II Period.
The outbreak of World War II stunted the economic growth of Burauen. The Japanese Military encamped the eastern part of the poblacion there were many encounters between the Japanese forces and the guerillas who were firmly establish in their mountain strongholds. During the Allied Forces liberation of Leyte on October 20, 1944, Burauen was among the most heavily devastated towns in Leyte, thousands of civilians were killed and a number of properties were destroyed.
1.6 Post War Period to Present.
Rising from the ruins of war, the municipality rehabilitated its homes and agriculture, hand in hand with the improvement of its institution and facilities. In 1946, the Burauen High School was founded, followed by the rehabilitation of the Gabaldon School Building, and the construction and operation of the water system in 1948. The private sector contributed in the field of education in 1950 the Burauen Institute and the Rizal Colleges were founded. The progress of the town suffered a setback in the middle part of 1951 when a very strong typhoon hit Burauen, which was followed by four others that were equally ravaging. In 1952, despite financial hardships, the municipal government was able to repair the municipal building from its own funds but generally, the recovery of the municipality was very slow. On March 2, 1962 the Rural Bank of Burauen was established, the first rural bank in Leyte and Samar. A decade after, on April 1, 1972 the Burauen District Hospital was opened to accept its first patient. During the intervening years and onward, road and bridges construction and street concreting in the poblacion and the Barangays alike were pursued, together with the construction of school building and health centers. The public market area as well as the irrigation system was expanded.
1.7 Developmental Relationship of the municipality with regards to the Region and the Province
There are certain features found in the Burauen that can influence its proper role in the province and in Eastern Visayas. Some of these relevant characteristics are its large area, vacant spaces, relative long distance and isolation from Tacloban City, predominantly rural character, relatively unspoiled environment, and developable natural resources.
The proper economic role for Burauen is to serve as provider of agricultural food products to Tacloban City and neighboring town of Dulag, Julita, Tabon-tabon, Dagami, Tanauan and Palo, even the town of Albuera and the City of Ormoc, provided that the Burauen-Albuera Road is completed.
The town has ample of space and supplementary feed sources for poultry and piggery and other ruminants’ establishments. It has also a long stretch of riverside suitable for fresh aquaculture and duck-raising. To a minor extent, this role of the town as a food basket can also be enhanced by the production of fruits, vegetables, cash crops and rice. It also has to optimize its lead in the coconut industry sector having the largest area planted to coconut at more than 20,000 hectares by diversifying its processing and not safely to depend on copra especially that the price of copra is fluctuating.
The municipality has an advantage on the ecotourism sector compared to other town in the region, because one of the last remaining dipterocarp forests can be found in the municipality, which forest comprises the bulk of the Daguitan Watershed. It also has some natural lakes, which are under the protection of the NIPAS Law-the Mahagnao Volcano Natural Park. Its steep but navigable mountain ranges with diverse flora and fauna offer great potential for ecotourism in the area of nature trek. Despite its lack in tourism services, it can capitalize on the cultural hospitality of its people.
A second role that Burauen can perform is as an absorber of excess population from Tacloban City as well as in migrating populace from nearby towns and urban centers. At present, the municipality is an out migration area, with residents presumably migrating to Metro Manila, Cebu City and Tacloban City with perceived availability of employment and business opportunities in these metropolitan areas. The entry of more agri-industrial establishments and a diversification of the local economy should make the municipality a counter magnet that can attract migrating residents and excess metropolitan manpower, in the process augmenting the local labor force towards greater productivity.
Burauen may not reach her aspiration immediately but her citizens hope they will be able to continue supporting their old hometown become a happier place to live in. Thus pursuing a lofty desire to contribute their little way and even in small measure, something in the making of the national edifice, and if possible to mankind. ble to mankind.
WHAT MAKES OUR MUNICIPALITY UNIQUE?
Our municipality is unique for it has a hot spring, a volcano, a huge lake and a beautiful waterfall wherein other municipalities don’t have. It is always visited by tourists because of its captivating beauty especially the Mahagnao National Park.
ANONANG HOT SPRING
Anonang Hot Spring is said to have very high temperature since it can already boiled an egg for about twenty minutes.
in Mahagnao National Park
in Mahagnao National Park
WHAT ARE THE DELICACIES OF BURAUEN?
Galletas are square-shaped egg crackers with a shiny, yellow surface and characteristic up-turned corners. It’s known by names such as galletas de huevos (a direct translation of egg crackers), galletas de patatas (perhaps in reference to its bottom), and tengang daga. The galletas are a little bland, with a bit of an eggy flavor, but addicting especially the slightly browner ones. As one bites onto its crisp, tough edges, the cracker yields to a compact, chalky interior. Other brands of galletas are hollow and less chalky. Still, it’s a good idea to have a glass of water or soda on hand when you eat galletas to wash down the crumbs.
Local delicacy makers of Arado village in Burauen, Leyte have known the recipe to one of the most distinct, best-tasting coconut desserts in the Philippines for nearly half a century. Their best kept secret seemed to be set to stay that way – a secret – until things recently took a nutty, gastronomic turn. Bukayo really has a unique taste. The accolade of being the year’s most innovative is remarkable for the Arado Sweet Delicacies Producers’ Association, given that it had been following the same recipe since the 1960s. This time, however, connoisseurs at the OTOP national expo had their first bite and affirmed that Burauen’s particularly Arado’sbukayo was in a class of its own.
WHY IS THE BURAWANON’S CULTURE UNIQUE?
Burawanon’s culture is sole for a lot of reasons. One of these is that we, Burawanon’s really give importance to all occasions, whether it is special or not. Even though an occasion is not really meant to be celebrated, it is always our tradition that as long it is a celebration, we always prepare “something” for it. For instance, during the National Heroes’ Day. We don’t only celebrate the National Heroes’ Day by having some sort of a ceremony or program. But we also celebrate it by decorating our plaza with something that has a connection to the said occasion like putting the faces of our heroes. We also give them flowers, candles or anything which symbolizes them.
Though, we, Burawanons, are sometimes hot headed, we always get together when someone or somebody very important in our community die. We always give him or her some respect to show how grateful we are for all those deeds he or she had done and accomplish for the benefit of the citizens.
We, Burawanons, have also a big appetite. It is always our custom to prepare many foods whether there are occasions or not and we always go to church to plead our prayers and to show our reverence to our God Almighty.
Furthermore, the municipality officials always prepare a contest or pageant in some selected events especially during fiesta, like Mr. and Ms. Burauen etc. They always organize a parade and what’s the best part about the fiesta, is that the Mayor systematize a game at all times for everyone, young or adult are qualify.
In addition, Burawanons are not also known for having such hospitality but we’re also known for being inventors when it comes to cooking. We always made our own recipe of foods and desserts and we always win the admiration of the visitors through our own creativity in discovering new delicacies.
SOURCE: OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF BURAUEN